The Pipe Organ Education Project

The Pipe Organ Education Project is an educational site from 2001 created by organist Marya Fancey. It gives a history of the organ, an overview of its design, an in-depth look at organ mechanics, and a glossary of musical and structural terms. There are also additional resources for further learning.

Below is a bit of the information that can be found on each page of the site. Visit The Pipe Organ Education Project to learn more about each category!


The modern pipe organ has been around since the 16th century and has 61 notes. Organs are custom-made to fit each room they inhabit in order to produce the best sound, and can be either free-standing or built-in. In a free-standing instrument, the pipes sit inside a case; a built-in instrument is attached to the building.

The console of the organ is what is played by the organist to produce sound. It consists of pedals, keys, buttons, and knobs. Some organ consoles can be moved around a stage, while others are attached to the floor of the building.

For a more in-depth look at organ construction and placement, visit this page on the site. For more information about pipes, take a closer look here. You can find out about organ consoles using this link!

Producing sound

Wind is what causes organs to produce sound, which must be blown into the organ and stored in the reservoir. The air moves from the reservoir to the wind chest, and later to the pipes. Sound is created when air is allowed to flow into the pipes, so they are held shut by stop barriers. When an organist turns a stop “on”, the barrier to the pipe is removed. Once removed, the organist can control the wind flow to the pipe by depressing the keys. For a detailed explanation, you can explore the How Sound is Produced page of the website!

More organ resources

The Pipe Organ Education Project provides many other resources for those interested in learning more about organs and music.

Pipedreams is a recommended radio program dedicated to organ music. You can listen to every episode streamed since 1982 on their website, and find details about organ concerts near you.

The Organ Historical Society is a society for musicians and organ lovers. They host an archive of music and organ-related books and serials, and the society also holds yearly conventions for members and enthusiasts.

ibiblio History: Mailing Lists

What are mailing lists?

Mailing lists are an email communication tool used to facilitate discussions and make announcements to a group of subscribers. Administrators can send emails to everyone subscribed to the list without entering each email address individually, and users can usually sign up for a mailing list by filling out a web form or sending an email to a registration address.

Mailing lists were very popular in the early 2000s and were often used by groups of people with shared interests to discuss and share information. For example, ibiblio powered mailing lists for people living in New Mexico who were interested in equestrian trails, people enthusiastic about rare tropical fruit, and those wanting to learn about Biblical Hebrew. At present, mailing lists are more common among businesses, organizations, and universities who need to make frequent mass announcements.

How do mailing lists work?

ibiblio uses GNU Mailman to manage mailing lists at GNU Mailman is a free software built with Python that manages email lists and discussions. It also supports features such as topic filtering, multi-lingual support, and spam filters.

On, users can create and remove subscriptions and browse every list powered by ibiblio. Although many lists are no longer active, you can browse specific list archives to get an idea of what being on a mailing list would have been like.

Members receive announcements from the list administrator, but also have the option to send their own message to all subscribers. Usually, this is done by sending your message to (name of list)

Python Tutorials

What is Python?

Python is a popular programming language that can be used for software development, data analysis, business management, web development, and more (Code Academy). It is a recommended language for beginners to learn since it is fairly straightforward and widely used. ibiblio hosts a few guides to Python that are great resources for all levels of programmers. If you don’t already have Python installed, you can download it here.

A Byte of Python

A Byte of Python is an online textbook for everyone from beginners to experienced programmers. It starts with a general introduction plus installation instructions and covers basics, operators and expressions, functions, data structures, exception handling, and more. There is also a long list of examples for each unit.

Python for Fun

Best suited for intermediate programmers, Python for Fun provides instructions for many types of projects such as text processing, chance and probability, computer hardware simulation, and even games like Sudoku! Each walk-through comes with helpful comments and a downloadable zip file that contain all the components of the project.

Python Bibliotheca

This is a library of educational materials for learning Python. It contains links to textbooks, programming tips, and many practice problems, making it a great resource for teachers and students.

Other Tutorials

If you’re interested in learning more about Python, other resources include the Python getting started website, W3 Schools, and Code Academy. Happy coding!