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Emperors

Contents

Dynasties

Early Dynasties
  • Xia Dynasty
  • Shang Dynasty
  • 21st century BCE- 17th century BCE
  • 16th century BCE- 11th century BCE
Western & Eastern Zhou Dynasties
Western Zhou
  • Western Zhou Dynasty
  • 1066 BCE- 771 BCE
Eastern Zhou
  • Spring and Autumn Period
  • Warring States Period
  • 770 BCE- 476 BCE
  • 476 BCE- 221 BCE
Unification
  • Qin
  • Western Han
  • Eastern Han
  • 221 BCE- 207 BCE
  • 206 BCE- CE 23
  • 25- 220
The Three Kingdoms Period
  • Wei (principal dynasty)
  • Wu (rival dynasty)
  • Shu Han (rival dynasty)
  • 220- 264
  • 222- 280
  • 221- 263
The Period of Disunion
The Southern Dynasties The Northern Dynasties
  • Western Jin
  • Eastern Jin
  • Liu Song
  • Qi
  • Liang
  • Chen
  • 265- 316
  • 317- 419
  • 420- 479
  • 479- 501
  • 502- 556
  • 557- 589
  • Northern Wei
  • Eastern Wei
  • Western Wei
  • Northern Qi
  • Northern Zhou
  • 386- 584
  • 534- 550
  • 535- 556
  • 550- 577
  • 557- 581
China Reunified
  • Sui
  • Tang
  • 581- 618
  • 618- 907
Five Dynasties
  • Later Liang
  • Later Tang
  • Later Jin
  • Later Han
  • Later Zhou
  • 907- 923
  • 923- 935
  • 936- 947
  • 947- 951
  • 951- 960
Song Dynasties
  • Northern Song
  • Southern Song
  • 960- 1126
  • 1127- 1279
Unified China
  • Yuan (Mongol)
  • Ming
  • Qing (Manchu)
  • 1279- 1368
  • 1368- 1644
  • 1644- 1911

Emperors

Early Dynasties
21st Century BCE- 11th Century BCE
Xia Dynasty
Capital at Yuncheng
21st Century BCE- 17th Century BCE
  1. Yu
  2. Qi
  3. Tai Kang
  4. Zhong Kang
  5. Xiang
  6. Shao Kang
  7. Zhu
  8. Huai
  1. Mang
  2. Xie
  3. Bu Jiang
  4. Jiong
  5. Jin
  6. Kong Jia
  7. Gao
  8. Fa
  9. Lu Gui
Shang Dynasty
Capitals at Erlitou, Zhengzhou, Anyang
16th century BCE- 11th century BCE
  1. Tang
  2. Wai Bing
  3. Zhong Ren
  4. Tai Jia
  5. Wo Ding
  6. Tai Geng
  7. Xiao Jia
  8. Yong Ji
  9. Tai Wu
  10. Zhong Ding
  11. Wai Ren
  12. He Danjia
  13. Zu Yi
  14. Zu Xin
  15. Wo Jia
  1. Zu Ding
  2. Nan Geng
  3. Yang Jia
  4. Pan Geng
  5. Xiao Xin
  6. Xiao Yi
  7. Wu Ding
  8. Zu Geng
  9. Zu Jia
  10. Lin Xin
  11. Geng Ding
  12. Wu Yi
  13. Tai Ding
  14. Di Yi
  15. Di Xin
Western & Eastern Zhou Dynasties
1066 BCE- 256 BCE
Western Zhou
1066 BCE- 771 BCE
Western Zhou Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
1066 BCE- 771 BCE
Wu Wang  
Cheng Wang  
Kang Wang  
Zhou Wang  
Mu Wang  
Gong Wang  
Yi Wang  
Xiao Wang  
Yi Wang  
Li Wang  
Xuan Wang 827 BCE- 782 BCE
You Wang 782 BCE- 771 BCE
Eastern Zhou
770 BCE- 256 BCE
Spring and Autumn Period
770 BCE- 475 BCE
Eastern Zhou Dynasty
Capital at Luoyang
770 BCE- 475 BCE
Ping Wang 770 BCE- 719 BCE
Huan Wang 719 BCE- 696 BCE
Zhuang Wang 696 BCE- 681 BCE
Li Wang 681 BCE- 676 BCE
Hui Wang 676 BCE- 651 BCE
Xiang Wang 651 BCE- 618 BCE
Qing Wang 618 BCE- 612 BCE
Kuang Wang 612 BCE- 606 BCE
Ding Wang 606 BCE- 585 BCE
Jian Wang 585 BCE- 571 BCE
Ling Wang 571 BCE- 544 BCE
Jing Wang 544 BCE- 519 BCE
Jing Wang 519 BCE- 475 BCE
Warring States Period
476 BCE- 256 BCE
Eastern Zhou Dynasty
Capital at Luoyang
476 BCE- 221 BCE
Yuan Wang 475 BCE- 468 BCE
Zhen Wang 468 BCE- 440 BCE
Kao Wang 440 BCE- 425 BCE
Wei Lei Wang 425 BCE
An Wang 425 BCE- 375 BCE
Lie Wang 375 BCE- 368 BCE
Xian Wang 368 BCE- 320 BCE
Shen Jing Wang 320 BCE- 314 BCE
Nan Wang 314 BCE- 256 BCE
End of the Warring States Period
256 BCE- 220 BCE
Qin Dynasty
pre- unification
221 BCE- 207 BCE
Zhou Xiang Wang 256 BCE- 207 BCE
Xiao Wen Wang 250 BCE
Quang Xing Wang 250 BCE- 247 BCE
Cheng Wang (Qin Shihuangdi) 247 BCE- 220 BCE
Unification
221 BCE- CE 220
Qin Dynasty
Capital at Xianyang
221 BCE- 207 BCE
Qin Shihuangdi (Zheng Wang) 221 BCE- 210 BCE
Qin Ershihuangdi (Hu Hai) 209 BCE- 207 BCE
Qin Sanshihuangdi (Ziying) 207 BCE
Western Han Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
206 BCE- CE 5
Han Gaozu (Liu Bang) 206 BCE- 195 BCE
Han Huidi (Liu Ying) 195 BCE- 188 BCE
Lu Hou- Regent 188 BCE- 180 BCE
Han Wendi (Liu Heng) 180 BCE- 157 BCE
Han Jingdi (Liu Qi) 157 BCE- 141 BCE
Han Wudi (Liu Che) 141 BCE- 87 BCE
Han Zhaodi (Liu Fuling) 87 BCE- 74 BCE
Han Xuandi (Liu Bingyi) 74 BCE- 49 BCE
Han Yuandi (Liu Shi) 49 BCE- 33 BCE
Han Chengdi (Liu Ao) 33 BCE- 7 BCE
Han Aidi (Liu Xin) 7 BCE- 1 BCE
Han Pingdi (Liu Jizi) 1 BCE- CE 5
Han Ruzi (Liu Ying) 7- 9
Wang Mang [usurper] 9- 23
Liu Xuan [usurper] 23- 24
Eastern Han Dynasty
Capital at Luoyang
25- 220
Han Guang Wudi (Liu Xiu) 25- 57
Han Mingdi (Liu Yang) 57- 75
Han Zhangdi (Liu Da) 75- 88
Han Hedi (Liu Zhao) 88- 106
Han Shangdi (Liu Long) 106
Han Andi (Liu Yu) 106- 125
Han Shundi (Liu Bao) 125- 144
Han Chongdi (Liu Bing) 144- 145
Han Zhidi (Liu Zhuan) 145- 146
Han Huandi (Liu Zhi) 146- 168
Han Lingdi (Liu Hong) 168- 189
Han Xiandi (Liu Xie) 189- 220
The Period of Disunion
220- 589
The Three Kingdoms Period
220- 280
Wei (principal dynasty)
Capital at Xuchang
220- 264
Wei Wendi (Cao Pi) 220- 226
Mingdi (Cao Rui) 227- 239
Shaodi (Cao Fang) 240- 253
Gao Gui Xiang Gong (Cao Mao) 254- 260
Yuandi (Cao Huan) 260- 264
Wu (rival dynasty)
Capital at Nanjing
222- 280
Wu Wudi (Sun Quan) 222- 252
Wu Feidi (Sun Liang) 252- 258
Wu Jingdi (Sun Xiu) 258- 264
Wu Modi (Sun Hao) 264- 280
Shu Han (rival dynasty)
Capital at Chengdu
221- 263
Shu Han Xuande (Liu Bei) 221- 223
Shu Han Hou Zhu (Liu Chan) 223- 263

Capital at Nanjing
The Southern Dynasties
265- 589
Western Jin Dynasty
Capital at Luoyang
265- 316
Wudi (Sima Yuan) 265- 289
Huidi (Sima Zhong) 290- 306
Huaidi (Sima Chi) 307- 312
Mindi (Sima Ye) 313- 316
Eastern Jin Dynasty 317- 419
Yuandi (Sima Rui) 317 -322
Mingdi (Sima Shao) 323- 325
Chengdi (Sima Yan) 326- 342
Kangdi (Sima Yue) 343- 344
Mudi (Sima Dan) 345- 361
Aidi (Sima Yi) 362- 365
Hai Xigong (Sima Yu) 366- 370
Jian Wendi (Sima Pi) 371- 372
Xiao Wudi (Sima Yao) 373- 396
Andi (Sima De Zhong) 397- 418
Gongdi (Sima De Wen) 419
Liu Song Dynasty
Capital at Nanjing
420- 479
Song Wudi (Liu Yu) 420- 422
Song Ying Yang Wang; Shaodi (Liu Yifu) 423
Song Wendi (Liu Yilong) 424- 453
Song Xiao Wudi (Liu Jun) 454- 464
Song Qian Feidi (Liu Ziye) 464
Song Mingdi (Liu Yu) 465- 472
Cang Wu Wang; Hou Feidi (Liu Yu) 473- 476
Shundi (Liu Zhun) 477- 479
Qi Dynasty
Capital at Nanjing
479- 501
Gaodi (Xiao Daocheng) 479- 482
Wudi (Xiao Ze) 483- 493
Yulindi (Xiao Zhaoye) 494
Hailingdi (Xiao Zhaowen) 494
Mingdi (Xiao Luan) 494- 498
Dong Hunhou (Xiao Baojuan) 499- 500
Hedi (Xiao Baorong) 501
Liang Dynasty
Capital at Nanjing
502- 556
Liang Wudi (Xiao Yan) 502- 549
Liang Jian Wendi (Xiao Gang) 550
Liang Yu Zhang Wang 551
Liang Yuandi (Xiao Yi) 552- 554
Liang Jingdi (Xiao Fangzhi) 555- 556
Chen Dynasty
Capital at Nanjing
557- 589
Wudi (Chen Baxian) 557- 559
Wendi (Chen Qian) 560- 566
Lin Hai Wang; Feidi (Chen Bozong) 567- 568
Xuandi (Chen Xu) 569- 582
Hou Zhu (Chen Shubao) 583- 589
The Northern Dynasties
386- 581
Northern Wei Dynasty
Capital at Datong
386- 584
Dao Wudi (Tuo Ba Gui) 386- 409
Ming Yuandi (Tuo Si) 409- 424
Tai Wudi (Tuo Tao) 424- 452
Nan Andi (Tuo Yu) 452
Wen Chengdi (Tuo Jun) 452-466
Xian Wendi (Tuo Hong) 466- 471
Xiao Wendi (Yuan Hong) 471- 500
Xuan Wudi (Yuan Ge) 500- 516
Xiao Mingdi (Yuan Xu) 516- 528
Xiao Zhuangdi (Yuan Lang) 528- 530
Chang Guang; Wangdi (Yuan Ye) 530- 531
Jie Mindi (Yuan Gong) 531
An Dingdi (Yuan Lang) 532
Xiao Wudi (Yuan Xiu) 532- 584
Eastern Wei Dynasty
Capital at Linzhang
534- 550
Xiao Jingdi (Yuan Shanjian) 534- 550
Western Wei Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
535- 556
Wendi (Yuan Baoji) 535- 552
Feidi (Yuan Qin) 552- 554
Gongdi (Yuan Kuo) 554- 556
Northern Qi Dynasty
Capital at Linzhang
550- 577
Wen Xuandi (Gao Yang) 550- 560
Feidi (Gao Yin) 560
Xiao Zhaodi (Gao Yan) 560- 561
Wu Chengdi (Gao Zhan) 561- 565
Hou Zhudi (Gao Wei) 565- 577
You Zhudi (Gao Heng) 577
Northern Zhou Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
557- 581
Xiao Mindi (Yu Wenjue) 557
Ming (Yu Yu) 557- 561
Wu (Yu Yong) 561- 579
Xuan (Yu Yun) 579
Jing (Yu Yan) 579- 581
China Reunified
581- 907
Sui Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
581- 618
Wendi (Yang Jian) 581- 604
Yangdi (Yang Guang) 604- 617
Gongdi (Yang Yu) 617- 618
Tang Dynasty
Capital at Xi'an
618- 907
Gaozu (Li Yuan) 618- 626
Taizong (Li Shimin) 626- 649
Gaozong (Li Zhi) 649- 683
Zhongzong (Li Zhe) 684
Ruizong (Li Dan) 684- 690
Wu Zetian (Wu Zhao) 690- 705
Zhongzong (Li Zhe) 705- 710
Ruizong (Li Dan) 710- 712
Xuanzong; Ming Huan (Li Longli) 712- 756
Suzong (Li Heng) 756- 762
Daizong (Li Yu) 762- 779
Dezong (Li Shi) 779- 805
Shunzong (Li Song) 805
Xianzong (Li Chun) 805- 820
Muzong (Li Heng) 820- 824
Jingzong (Li Zhan) 824- 827
Wenzong (Li Ang) 827- 840
Wuzong (Li Yan) 840- 846
Xuanzong (Li Chen) 846- 859
Yizong (Li Wen) 859- 873
Xizong (Li Yan) 873- 888
Zhaozong (Li Jie) 888- 904
Aidi; Zhaoxuan (Li Zhu) 904- 907
Five Dynasties
907- 960
Later Liang Dynasty
Capital at Kaifeng
907- 923
Taizu (Zhu Wen) 907- 910
Modi (Zhu Zhen) 911- 923
Later Tang Dynasty
Capital at Luoyang
923- 935
Zhuangzong (Li Cunxu) 923- 926
Mingzong (Li Siyuan) 926- 934
Mingdi 934
Feidi 934- 935
Later Jin Dynasty
Capital at Kaifeng
936- 947
Gaozu (Shi Jingtang) 936- 944
Chudi (Shi Zhonggui) 944- 947
Later Han Dynasty
Capital at Kaifeng
947- 951
Gaozu (Liu Zhiyuan) 947- 948
Yindi (Liu Chengyou) 948- 951
Later Zhou Dynasty
Capital at Kaifeng
951- 960
Taizu (Guo Wei) 951- 954
Shizong (Chai Rong) 954- 960
The Second North and South Period
960- 1279
Northern Song Dynasty
Capital at Kaifeng
960- 1126
Taizu (Zhou Kuangyin) 960- 976
Taizong (Zhou Guangyi) 976- 997
Zhenzong (Zhou Dechang) 998- 1022
Renzong (Zhou Zhen) 1022- 1063
Yingzong (Zhou Shu) 1064- 1067
Shenzong (Zhou Xu) 1068- 1085
Zhezong (Zhou Xu) 1086- 1101
Huizong (Zhou Ji) 1101- 1125
Qinzong (Zhou Huan) 1126
Southern Song Dynasty
Capital at Hangzhou
960- 1126
Gaozong (Zhao Gou) 1127- 1162
Xiaozong (Zhao Bozong) 1163- 1190
Guangzong (Zhao Dun) 1190- 1194
Ningzong (Zhao Kuo) 1195- 1224
Lizong (Zhao Yuju) 1225- 1264
Duzong (Zhao Mengqi) 1265- 1274
Gongzong (Zhao Xian) 1275
Duanzong (Zhao Shi) 1276- 1278
Bing Di (Zhao Bing) 1279
Liao Dynasty
Capital at Zhongjing
907- 1125
Taizu (Ye Lu A Baoji) 907- 927
Taizong (Ye Lu Deguang) 927- 947
Shi Zong (Ye Luruan) 947- 951
Mu Zong (Ye Lujing) 951- 969
Jing Zong (Ye Luxian) 969- 982
Sheng Zong (Ye Lulongxu) 982- 1031
Xing Zong (Ye Luzongzhen) 1031- 1055
Dao Zong (Ye Luhongji) 1055- 1101
Tian Zuodi (Ye Luyanxi) 1101- 1125
Western Xia Dynasty
Capital at Xingqing
1038- 1227
Jingzong (Li Yuanhao) 1038- 1048
Yizong (Li Liangzuo) 1048- 1067
Huizong (Li Bingchang) 1067- 1086
Chongzong (Li Qianshun) 1086- 1139
Renzong (Li Renxiao) 1139- 1193
Huanzong (Li Chunyou) 1193- 1206
Xiangzong (Li Dewang) 1206- 1211
Shenzong (Li Zunxu) 1211- 1223
Xianzong (Li Dewang) 1223- 1226
Modi (Li Xian) 1226- 1227
Jin Dynasty (Jurchen)
Capital at Beijing
1115- 1234
Taizu (Wanyan Aguda) 1115- 1123
Taizong (Wanyan Wuqimai or Wanyan Sheng) 1123-1134
Xizong (Wanyan Hela or Wanyan Dan) 1135- 1149
Hai Lingwang (Wanyan Liang) 1149- 1161
Shizong (Wanyan Yong) 1161- 1189
Zhang Zong (Wanyan Jing) 1190- 1208
Wei Shaowang (Wanyan Yongji) 1209- 1213
Xuanzong (Wanyan Xun) 1213- 1223
Aizong (Wanyan Shouxu) 1224- 1234
Modi (Wanyan Chenglin) 1234
Unified China
1279- 1911
Yuan Dynasty (Mongol)
Capital at Beijing
1279- 1368
Shizu (Kubilai Khan) 1279- 1294
Chengzong (Temur Oljeitu) 1294- 1307
Wuzong (Khaishan) 1308- 1311
Renzong (Ayurbaywada) 1311- 1320
Yingzong (Shidebala) 1321- 1323
Taiding (Yesun Temur) 1323- 1328
Wenzong (Tugh Temur) 1328- 1329
Mingzong (Khoshila) 1329
Wenzong (Tugh Temur) 1329- 1332
Shundi (Toghon Temur) 1333- 1368
Ming Dynasty
Capital at Nanjing and Beijing
1368- 1644
Hongwu (Zhu Yuanzhang) 1368- 1398
Jianwen (Zhu Yunwen 1399- 1402

Yongle (Zhu Di)

1403- 1424
Hongxi (Zhu Gaozhi) 1425
Xuande (Zhu Zhanji) 1426- 1435
Zhengtong (Zhu Qizhen) 1436- 1449
Jingtai (Zhu Qiyu) 1450- 1457
Tianshun (Zhu Qizhen) 1457- 1464
Chenghua (Zhu Jianshen) 1465- 1487
Hongzhi (Zhu Yutang) 1488- 1505
Zhengde (Zhu Houzhao) 1506- 1521
Jiajing (Zhu Houcong) 1522- 1567
Longqing (Zhu Zaihou) 1567- 1572
Wanli (Zhu Yizhun) 1573- 1620
Taichang (Zhu Changle) 1620
Tianqi (Zhu Yujiao) 1621- 1627
Chongzhen (Zhu Yujian) 1628- 1644
Qing Dynasty (Manchu)
Capital at Beijing
1644- 1911
Shunzhi (Aisinjioro Fu Lin) 1644- 1661
Kangxi (Aisinjioro Xuan Ye) 1661- 1722
Yongzheng (Aisinjioro Yin Chen) 1723- 1735
Qianlong (Aisinjioro Hong Le) 1736- 1795
Jiajing (Aisinjioro Yong Yan) 1796- 1820
Daoguang (Aisinjioro Min Ning) 1821- 1850
Xianfeng (Aisinjioro Yi Chu) 1851- 1861
Tongzhi (Aisinjioro Zai Chun) 1862- 1874
Guangxu (Aisinjioro Zai Tian) 1875- 1908
Xuantong (Aisinjioro Pu Yi) 1909- 1911

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