Lexicon - Orthography - H.G. Fowler
 
The Fowler Collection
 
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B b
 
back n. [bæc, back]
bake v. [bacan, bake]
bale n. [bealo, harm, injury, ruin]
balk n. [balca, balk]
ban v. [bannan, proclaim ]
bane n. [bana, slayer, kiler]
bare adj. [bær, bare]
bark v. [beorcan, to make the sharp, abrupt cry of a dog]
bark n. [barc, bark or rind].But not the the boat!
barley n [bærlic, of barley < bere barley + ic -ly]
barn n. [bern, contraction from berern< bere, barley + ærn, a place for storage]
barrow n. [barwe, basket, barrow< beran, bear]
barrow n. [beorg, hill]
barrow n. [bearg, pig]
bass n. [bærs, bass (fish)]
bat n. [batt, cudgel] But not the mammal!
bath n. [bæþ, bath]
bathe v. [baþian, bath]
be v. [beon, am, is; stay, remain; occurs, is there] See details of the verb "to be".
beacon n. [beacen, sign portent, symbol]
bead n. [gebed, prayer, later a rosary bead]
beam n. [beam, a tree, piece of wood, log, column, cross]
bean n. [bean, bean ]
bear v. [beran, bear, carry, bring ]
bear n. [bera, " The brown one"]
beard n. [beard, beard]
beat v. [beatan, beat, ound]
beaver, n. [beofer, beaver]
become v. [becuman, come]
bed n. [bedd, bed]
bee n. [beo, insect of the species Apis]
beech n. [bece, beech]
beetle n. [bitula, beetle (insect) < bitan, bite]
beetle n. [bietel, mallet]
befall v. [bef(e)llan, fall]
before prep. [biforan, in front of]
begin v. [beginnian, begin]
behold v. [behealdan, behold, gaze at, watch over]
behove v. [behofian, behove]
belay v. [belecgan, belay] A nautical term.
belch v. [belcian, belch]
(be)leaf n. [leafa, belief]
belie v. [beleogan, belie]
bell b. [belle, bell]
bellows n. [belg, bag]
belly n. [bielg, bellows, leather bag]
(be)long v. [longian, go along with]
belt n. [belt, belt]
bemoan v. [bemænan, bemaon]
beneath adv. [beneothan, beneath]
bench n. [benc, bench] Akin to bank.
bend v. [bendan, bend]
bent n. [beonet, bent (grass)]
bequeath v. [becwean, bequeath]*
bereave v. [bereafian, bereave]
berry n. [berie, berry]
(be)seech v. [secan, seek]
beset v. [besettan, beset]
beside adv. [be sidan, by the side of]
besmear v. [besmieran, besmear]
bespeak v. [besprecan, bespeak]
best adj. [betst, best]
bestir v. [bestyrian, bestir]
bestrew v. [bestreowian, bestrew]
bestride v. [bestridan, bestride]
bethink v. [beencan, bethink]*
betide v. [bitiden, betide]
better adj. [betera, better]
between prep. [bitweonum, bitweon, between < bi, by + tweonum, tweon, both < two, two]
(be)ware v. [wær, cautious]
(be)witch v. [wicce, witch]
beyond prep. [begeondan, beyond < be, near + geondan, yonder]
bid v. [biddan, bid, ask]
bide v. [bidan, await]
bier n. [bær, bier]
bight n. [byht, bight]
bill n. [bile, bill (bird's)]
bill(hook) n. [bill, billhook]
bin n. [binn, basket]
bind v. [bindan, bind]
binder n. [bindere, binder]
birch n. [birce, birch]
bird n. [brid, bird, especially a young bird]
bishop n. [biscop, bishop, high priest]
bit n. [bita, bit < bitan, bite] A small part.
bit n. [bite, bit < bitan, bite] A tool for boring.
bitch b. [bicce, female dog]
bite v. [bitan, bite]
bite n. [bite, bite, cut]
bitter adj. [biter, bitter, grim, fierce]
black adj. [blæc, the darkest color]
bladder n. [blædre, bladder]
blade n. [blæd, blade]
blast n. [blæst, blow]
blaze v. [blæse, blaze] But not the verb!
bleach v. [blæcan, bleach]
bleat v. [blætan, bleat]
bleed v. [bledan, bleed]
blench v. [blencan, deceive]
bless v. [bledsian, to consecrate (with blood) EM>blod, blood]
blind adj. [blind, blind]
bliss n. [blis, bliss, joy, happiness]*
blithe adj. [bliðe, friendly, cheerful]
blood n. [blod, blood]
bloom n. [bloma, bloom] The lump of net, not the flower!
blow v. [blawan, blow]
blow n. [blaw, blow]
blush v. [blyscan, redden]
boar n. [bar, boar]
board n.[bord, board, side of a ship]
boat n. [bat, boat]
boatswain n. [batswegen, boatswain]
bode v. [bodian, preach, announce]
body n.[bodig, body]
boil n. [byl, boil] The sore.
bold adj. [bald, bold]
bone n. [ban, bone]
bolster n. [bolster, pillow]
book n. [boc, book]
book-craft n. [boccræft, literature, scholarship]
bosom n. [bosm, bosom]
blow v. [blawan, blow]
boar, n [bar, wild boar]
boat n [bat, boat]
book n. (boc, a writing, record, book.]
boot (compensation) n. [bot, remedy]
bore v. [borian, bore]
borough n.[burg, stronghold, enclosure]
borrow v. [borgian, borrow]
bosom n. [bosm, bosom]
bottom n. [bottom, bottom]
bough n. [bog, sholder, bough]
bow n. [boga, a curve; a bend; anything bent]
bow v.t. [bugan, to bend, turn away, flee, submit]
bowel n. [boel, bowel]
bower n. [bur, chamber, cottage]
box n. [box, box]
braid v. [bregdan, brandish, weave, braid]
brain n. [bræn, brain]
brand n. [brond, burning, fire]
brass n. [bræs, brass]
braze v. [brasian, braze < bræs, brass]
breach c. [byrce, breach]
bread n. [bread, bit, crumb]
breadth n. [brædu, #]
break v. [brecan, break]
breast n.[breost, breast]
breath n. [bræ, breath]*
breathe v. [breen, breathe]*
breech n. [brec, breech]
breed v. [bredan, breed]
brew v. [breowan, brew]
bridal adj. [brydealo, wedding feast]
bride n. [bryd, bride]
bring v. [bregan, bring]
bridge n. [bricg, bridge, causeway]
bridle n. [bridel, bridle]
brier n. [brer, briar]
bright adj. [beorht, bryht, bright]
bring v. [bringan, bring]
brim n. [brim, seashore]
brine n. [bryne, brine]
bring v. [bringan, bring]
bristle n. [bryst, bristle]
broad adj.[brad, broad, wide, spacious]
brood n. [brod, brood]
brook n. [broc, brook]
brook v. [brucan, enjoy, use, benefit from, eat]
broom n. [brom, broom]
broth n. [bro, broth]*
brothel n. [< breothan, to ruin]
brother n. [broðer, brother]
brow n. [bru, brow]
brown n. [brun, brown]
bruise v. [brysan, crush]
buck n. [bucca, he-goat]
build v. [byldan, build]
bull n. [bulluc, bullock]
burst v. [berstan, burst, fall apart]
busi(ness) n. [bysignis, occupation, concern]
busy adj.. [bysg, busy, occupied]
but prep.[butan, without, except, but, only]
butter, n. [butere, butter]
burden n. [byrten, load]
burn v. [byrnan, burn]
burrow n. [borow, burrow]
burst v. [berstan, burst]
butter n. [butere, butter]
bury v. [byrgan, bury]
buy v. [bycgan, buy]
by prep. [bi, near, at]
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