The Modular Electronics Learning (ModEL) project represents the culmination of nearly two decades of professional instruction in the field of industrial electricity and electronics. It is substantially different from earlier publications such as Lessons In Electric Circuits in multiple ways. First, the tutorials seek to explain as much as possible about electric and electronic circuits from first principles such as physical Conservation Laws, while remaining at a mathematics level below that of calculus. Second, each complete module contains both a Simplified Tutorial and a Full Tutorial so that readers have access to multiple levels of explanation. Third, these tutorials seek to be self-contained, each one beginning with a brief review of necessary background topics. Fourth, each modules contains question sets, projects, and experiments in addition to tutorials in order to be a comprehensive learning tool. Finally, these application questions specifically address qualitative, quantitative, and diagnostic modes of thought in order to encourage well-rounded development of the learner's understanding.
Similar to my Socratic Electronics project, the modules contained here are expressly designed to be used within an instructional modality that is both ``inverted'' (students learning independently through reading prior to meeting with the instructor) and ``Socratic'' (the instructor challenging students to reason through all concepts and problems via dialogue).
These documents and all related files are copyrighted works, but licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License. A copy of this license is found in the last Appendix of every learning module. Alternatively, you may visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons: 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. The terms and conditions of this license allow for free copying, distribution, and/or modification of all licensed works by the general public.
Start at the top, and work your way down.
Modules in the same row may be completed in any order. Ideally, you should complete each whole row before proceeding down to the next row.
A reasonable pace for a full-time student in a learning environment where these modules are reviewed on a daily basis with an instructor is two days per module.
Any module titles appearing in italic font are either incomplete (if hyperlinked) or are not yet created (if unaccessible).
Manipulating Algebraic Equations | Trigonometry | Digital Numeration |
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Boolean Algebra | Complex Numbers | Probability |
Voltage, Current, Resistance, and Basic Circuit Concepts | Electrical Diagrams | |
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Sources and Loads, Voltmeters and Ammeters | Conductors and Electrical Connections | |
Components and Symbols | Switches and Relays | |
Ohm's and Joule's Laws, Resistor Ratings, and Electrical Safety | Diagnostic Fundamentals | |
Series Circuits and Voltage Dividers | Parallel Circuits and Current Dividers | |
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law | Kirchhoff's Current Law | |
Series-Parallel Circuits | Qualitative Circuit Analysis | |
Analog meters | Digital meters | |
Bridge Circuits | Overcurrent Protection | |
SPICE Modeling of Resistor Circuits |
Ideal and Real Sources | Maximum Power Transfer Theorem |
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Superposition Theorem | Thevenin's and Norton's Theorems |
Millman's Theorem | Loop and Mesh Analysis |
SPICE Modeling of DC Networks |
Electromagnetism | Electric and Magnetic Fields |
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DC Generators | DC Motors |
Capacitance and Inductance | Electromagnetic Induction |
Capacitors and Capacitive Circuits | Inductors and Inductive Circuits |
SPICE Modeling of Inductive and Capacitive Circuits |
Sensors Overview | Actuators Overview |
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Potentiometric Sensors | Amperometric Sensors |
Rheometric Sensors | Electromechanical Meters |
Electromagnetic Actuators | Heating and Lighting Elements |
AC Quantities and Measurements | Phasor Mathematics |
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Oscilloscopes | AC meters |
Phasors and AC Circuit Measurements | Phasor Diagrams |
Resistance, Reactance, and Impedance | Transformers |
Series AC Circuits | Parallel AC Circuits |
Series-Parallel AC Circuits | Series/Parallel AC Equivalents |
Resonance | Transmission Lines |
Basic Filter Circuits | Signal Coupling and Noise |
Polyphase AC | Polyphase Transformer Circuits |
AC Power Instruments | AC Power Factor |
Harmonics | Advanced Filter Circuits |
The S Variable | Transfer Functions |
SPICE Modeling of AC Circuits |
Electrical Power Grids | Single-Line Electrical Diagrams |
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Electrical Hazards | Principles of Overcurrent Protection |
AC Generators | AC Motors |
Circuit Breakers and Disconnects | Power Transformers |
AC Motor Starters | Variable Frequency Motor Drives |
AC Power Regulation | Power Factor Correction |
Instrument Transformers | Principles of Protective Relaying |
Power System Harmonics and Transients | Symmetrical Components |
Overcurrent Protection Relays | Directional Current Protection Relays |
Reclosing Protection Relays | Overcurrent Protection Coordination |
Differential Generator, Line, and Bus Protection Relays | Differential Transformer Protection Relays |
Distance Line Protection Relays | Traveling-Wave Line Protection Relays |
Auxiliary Protective Relays | Protective Relay Testing |
SPICE Modeling of Power Circuits |
Conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors | Semiconducting Electronic Devices |
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PN Junctions and Diodes | Rectifier Circuits |
Bipolar Junction Transistors | Field-Effect Transistors |
Thyristors | Special Transistors |
Optoelectronic Devices | Special Diodes |
SPICE Modeling of Semiconductor Components |
Diode Switching Circuits | Clipper and Clamper Circuits |
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Transistor Switching Circuits | Thyristor Switching Circuits |
Latching Circuits | Pulse-Width Modulation Power Control |
DC-AC Inverters | DC-DC Converters |
Comparators | Logic Gates |
Combinational Logic | Timer Logic |
SPICE Modeling of Switching Circuits |
Negative feedback | Voltage Regulators |
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Single-Stage BJT Amplifiers | Single-Stage FET Amplifiers |
Audio Amplifiers | RF Amplifiers |
Operational Amplifiers | Analog Computing Circuits |
Oscillators | Active Filters |
SPICE Modeling of Amplifier Circuits |
SPICE version 2G6 is a legacy, ``freeware'' program used to analyze DC and AC circuits. Using SPICE is similar to writing a computer program. The first step is to create a plain-text file containing instructions for SPICE to follow, and then you invoke the SPICE program to process that plain-text file. SPICE then generates readable output with an analysis of the circuit, either in plain-text form of in a format suitable to graphic display using other software applications. While this may seem primitive in comparison to ``WYSIWYG'' style circuit analysis programs where you draw a picture of the circuit to be analyzed, using SPICE to analyze simple circuits is far from complicated, and becoming familiar with writing SPICE code is an excellent introduction to text-based computer programming, which any serious student of electronics needs to learn anyway.
Here is SPICE2G6 compiled for Microsoft Windows XP, to be run in the command-line window (cmd). This is a precompiled set of executables and dynamically-linked libraries: spice-2g6-winxp.zip
Here is SPICE2G6 for the Linux operating system. After unpacking this ``tar'' source code archive file, you will need to compile it to create an executable: spice2g6.tar
A more modern version of SPICE is NGSPICE, the particular version hosted here is version 26. This is a derivative project based on SPICE version 3, copyright (1996) by the Regents of the University of California under a modified BSD license. A user's manual complete with all copyright notices and licenses is avaiable here: Ngspice version 26 manual (PDF)
Here is NGSPICE version 26 compiled for Microsoft Windows. It comes with an interactive terminal and graphic display. Simply extract all files contained in the ``zip'' archive: ngspice-26_140112.zip. Instructions for using the interactive mode are found in the manual. NGSPICE also supports legacy ``batch'' mode operation as well, where you invoke NGSPICE at the command prompt (cmd) and receive text output.
Here is NGSPICE version 26 for the Linux operating system. After unpacking the source code archive file, you will need to compile it to create an executable: ngspice-26.tar.
This is the ``archive'' file for the Modular Electronics Learning project, in ``tar'' format which is a popular archival format on Unix-based operating systems: model.tar
Download this file to your computer, place it in a directory suitable for storing all the source files of this project, and then run the following command to extract all the individual files from this archive:
tar xvf model.tar
Every single file that is part of this project is covered by the Creative Commons ``Attribution'' license, which gives you freedom to pick specific files and incorporate them into your own project(s) if desired. All you must do is attribute original authorship of these files to myself.